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What is Gynecomastia in Pediatrics and Adolescents? Explain the causes?

Gynecomastia is breast tissue produced in a male individual. It is a chronic disorder that is most commonly seen in boys entering puberty due to hormonal fluctuations that arise during this time. This condition is additionally explained as enlarged male breast due to several causes. This can be caused due to hormonal problems, certain lifestyle habits, or medical problems. Gynecomastia can only be treated with gynecomastia surgery because this is one of the best ways to treat an abnormal amount of estrogen in males.

What is Gynecomastia in Pediatrics and Adolescents?

Much of the time, this gynecomastia goes by itself without the need for medication, but it may not leave entirely, or it may be triggered by an issue with hormone development or absorption, or possibly a form of tumor, in which case special care and treatment may be required. Of this purpose, a multidisciplinary team method is effective in determining the origin of the gynecomastia, evaluating its effect on the patient and preparing a tailored strategy of care. You can only get the treatment after knowing about the signs and causes of the condition.

What are the signs and effects of Gynecomastia in Pediatric and Adolescent?

  • Tender breasts
  • Nipple discharge into one breast or both
  • Fluffy breast tissue

Which are the causes of Gynecomastia in Pediatric and Adolescent?

Individuals of both sexes have some breast tissue and the way that this grows into noticeable breasts relies on various variables, most notably hormone activity. Gynecomastia is normal in males growing this breast tissue. The hormones of the mother working on the breast tissue of the infant, this is still observed in premature babies but typically occurs in the first few weeks of conception.

The next level is sometimes used when it is in adolescence. In reality, during this period gynecomastia condition affects almost 35% of boys. But, as we stated above, a gynecomastia in boys during puberty disappears within two years without any medication. Additionally, About 5 percent and 10 percent of boys who have gone through puberty will not fully vanish breast growth during adolescence and they would be left with noticeable breast tissue.

  • Hyperthyroidism-: The metabolism-regulating gland may change hormones.
  • Hypogonadism-: Any disorder that reduces testosterone (such as pituitary insufficiency or disease with Klinefelter)
  • Hormonal Fluctuations
  • Liver or kidney insufficiency-: Hormonal changes in medication response and dialysis
  • Malnutrition or hunger-: Inadequate nutrition results in a decrease in testosterone, but estrogen stays stable.
  • Drugs or medications-: Hormones, inhibitors, radiation, or drugs for the heart can contribute to gynecomastia.
  • Mother’s hormone rates-: Boy ‘s breast tissue usually declines within two or three weeks of birth.
  • Puberty-: Fast fluctuations in the hormone modify different body functions.
  • Street drugs as well as the usage of drinking-like cocaine, heroin.


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What are the topmost tips to get rid of the man boobs (Gynecomastia) effectively?

One of the most effective tips is to undergo gynecomastia surgery. Undergoing the surgery helps to solve the problem effectively and the person gets the physical appearance they have been looking for. In this article, we have shared the topmost tips to get rid of the man boobs:

  • Consult the medical health care expert

Most importantly, you should consult the medical professional. Consulting the doctor is the best way to address the problem. The doctor will diagnose your condition and let you know what you can do. Never begin a new workout routine or follow an exercise regime without consulting the doctor. Make sure you discuss your goals with the doctor and they will let you know what is best for you.

  • Follow a Strict Diet

No doubt following a strict diet can play an important role in weight loss. The first step is that you keep track of your goals and keep a check in the daily food intake. Most people are not aware of how much they need to eat and food tracking can make a lot of difference. If you are planning to lose weight then you should talk to the doctor. The doctor will tell you the right portion size along with essential prebiotics and probiotics you need to take to have a happy gut.

  • Follow a bodyweight training regime

Bodyweight training is another way. Following a different exercise regime with multiple muscle groups will help to lose a lot of calories. One of the best choices is to do push-ups which are great for the chest. Well, not just for the chest but it is great for the arms, back, core, shoulders, and this also makes the legs strong.

Keep in mind the wider you keep your hands while push-up the chest will work better. There is no need to do it extremely fast. Do it slow and feel the tempo. This is surely going to help you burn.

  • Increase the strength with weights

You want to build muscles, rather than doing cardio endlessly to burn fat. Additionally, the muscle tissues need a lot of energy which means the more muscle you have it will help to burn more calories later on. Some of the exercise options include cable chest flies and chest press which help to build the muscles.

Keep in mind to not only focus on the chest. It is best to follow a total body approach when it comes to losing fat. Moreover, when you follow an exercise regime the testosterone level will increase and this is a great way to sustain muscle mass and build muscles.


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What are the different steps to diagnose the gynecomastia condition?

In case, the gynecomastia problem is very severe and it is becoming more prominent then you should consult the surgeon for the gynecomastia surgery. If you think you might have gynecomastia this article will help you understand how to recognize the condition.

 Recognize the Gynecomastia symptoms

  • Lump in the breast

With true gynecomastia, the glandular tissues will be on either one or both breasts. The tissue is behind the nipple and with the fingertips, you can feel it.

If you feel a lump in the breast then seek medical attention right away. The lump size can be different and it may be possible it varies in both of the breasts.

  • Tender breast

Gynecomastia condition can result in soreness and you can feel it when you press or touch the breast. If the problem is causing discomfort and pain then you need to schedule a medical appointment right away.

  • Fatty tissues

At times, there is a buildup of fatty tissues in the breast which is different from gynecomastia. In case, you touch the breast but there is no lump or tenderness then it is pseudo gynecomastia. The problem can go away by losing some weight.


Consult the doctor for Diagnosis

  • Schedule an appointment for an examination

If you think you have gynecomastia then you need to consult the doctor. The doctor will check for the possible symptoms you have like swelling and pain in the breast. Some of the additional symptoms include cyst or infection.

  • Talk about your medical history

It is better when you give detailed information about your medical history. This makes it easy for the doctor to give you the best treatment plan. You should tell your doctor about the symptoms, if any had similar health issues in your family, all the medications you are taking along with dietary supplements, or if you have medical issues in the past.

  • Test to diagnose Gynecomastia

Your doctor will do a physical examination if they detect you have the symptoms. Some of the further tests which will be done include:

  • A mammogram.
  • CT scans, an MRI, or a chest X-ray.
  • Blood tests.
  • A testicular ultrasound.
  • A biopsy of your breast tissue, if cancer is suspected.


  • Possible treatment options

In many cases, the problem goes away on its own. However, if it does not go away or it is affecting you to live your life in a normal way then the doctor will recommend one of the following treatment:

  • Hormone therapy blocks estrogen production or increases the production of testosterone in the body.
  • Liposuction, to remove excess fat from the breast.
  • Mastectomy surgery removes the glandular tissue of the breast.
  • The doctor also treats the gynecomastia by treating the underlying cause
  • Your doctor will recommend adjusting or stopping any medications that might cause gynecomastia.


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What is the difference between Gynecomastia and Pseudogynecomastia?

What is Gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia is the condition of an enlarged male breast. In this condition, the male has rounded breasts and the nipples are puffy and swollen. The breast will also be puffy and swollen which makes the entire condition even more uncomfortable.

If you are going through this condition or someone in your known is facing this trouble then the gynecomastia surgery can prove helpful to them. Consult the best medical expert and get the treatment plan which suits your condition.


What is the reason for Gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia occurs due to hormonal imbalance. Men produce estrogen but when it is produced in excess it can lead to the development of breast tissues. This problem affects the teen, young and adult men. The problem which occurs with old age is due to the hormone levels getting affected by the sexual development, thyroid problem, or due to medication side effects.


What is Pseudogynecomastia?

In some cases, the men tend to have fat around the abdomen and chest area. The legs and arms can look slim but the torso is bulked up. If the fat starts building up and around the breast area the chest will be swollen and puffy. This is referred to as lipomastia or pseudo gynecomastia.

If the estrogen level rises, your body will have more fat. When the body produces more fat it will produce enzymes that convert testosterone into estrogen. Due to this change, the metabolism also slows down.

Additionally, the lower metabolism means the body is not able to burn enough amount of chest fat. With time, more fat gets accumulated in the chest and the hormonal imbalance will also get worse.


What is the best surgical procedure?

As we have mentioned earlier, gynecomastia surgery is the best choice. However, both these conditions are not going to affect your health, but they impact self-confidence and pride. In that case, the person can undergo the surgical procedure to get rid of the problem. By doing so, the problem of man boobs will be solved.

In some cases, the person opts for an exercise regime or follows a strict diet pattern but they won’t work in the same way as you want them to. Keep in mind, exercise won’t help if you have gynecomastia. So, to get the perfect masculine figure and chest you need to opt for the surgery.

During the surgery, the excess glandular and fatty tissues are removed. With time, the procedure has gotten better. Make sure that you choose the experienced and skilled surgeon for the treatment. The doctor will be able to get rid of the unwanted tissues from the chest permanently and make it look the best.


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What is More Suitable: Gynecomastia Surgery or Liposuction?

These days, not only women suffer from several health conditions, but males also experience several problems. You may not be aware of certain male problems such as man boobs. This condition is additionally known as gynecomastia, which is explained as an enlarged breast condition and caused due to several factors. This includes certain lifestyle habits such as poor diet habits, being overweight, and certain medications also responsible for this condition.

In this condition, you have to visit the doctor, so that you can get the right treatment according to your condition. You first discuss all the things with your specialist, then he may recommend you gynecomastia surgery to get rid of man boobs conditions. He first tells you why this condition is caused and let’s have a look at the reasons behind gynecomastia condition.

What are the causes of gynecomastia condition?

As we stated above, there are several causes of this condition. You may experience gynecomastia due to being overweight, fluctuations in hormones, poor nutrition, and certain medical conditions too. Being overweight is also responsible for hormonal changes in your body. Well, males have testosterone hormone and some amount of estrogen hormone, which is usually a female hormone. This hormone has the responsibility of breast growth, and if a male experiences too much amount of this hormone, then he will surely suffer from gynecomastia condition.

Moreover, there are several factors, which lead to fluctuations of hormones, including medical conditions, during puberty, and aging.

What are the causes of false gynecomastia?

False gynecomastia is additionally known as pseudogynecomastia and this is caused because of excess fat deposits present in the chest of males. And you may start looking like a female. Not matter, even if you are at an ideal weight, but you can also suffer from this condition. Or even people who practice several types of exercises daily may also get this problem.

Which is the right treatment for gynecomastia?

Well, the best treatment for gynecomastia is liposuction surgery. This is a type of cosmetic procedure, which is specially designed to treat enlarged breast condition in males. In this treatment option, your surgeon examines and gives you anesthesia to make small incisions to remove the excess breast tissues. This is the safest way to get rid of gynecomastia conditions because it does not result in any type of side effect or scarring too.

You may not know that the recovery of this surgery is too easy. You do not take too much tension about anything, because you do not need to take rest for long days. Here are some tips to recover faster from the surgery.

  • You have to take care of you and only stick to prescribed medications in case, you feel pain or discomfort.
  • If you are a smoker, then you have to quit it as soon as possible, otherwise, it will delay or healing time.
  • You have to consume a healthy and balanced diet because it is too beneficial to recover properly and reduce the risk of several other problems.

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Get the unwanted fat removed with liposuction at No 1 clinic of Vizag

Dr. VJs Cosmetic Surgery & Hair Transplantation Centre: The way you look and feel about yourself affects your self-confidence.

Dr. C. Vijay Kumar from Dr. VJs Cosmetic Surgery & Hair Transplantation Centre answer all your questions so that you can undergo the procedure without any issue. This is the reason, people are choosing our clinic to get the Liposuction surgery In Vizag.


What is liposuction?

Liposuction procedure helps in getting rid of the excess fat which gets deposited underneath the skin. Keep in mind this is not a weight-loss procedure. This procedure is helpful for body contouring and works best on areas where fat get collected. Most common areas where liposuction can work best:

  • Upper arms
  • Chin
  • Chest
  • Stomach
  • Abdomen area
  • Thighs
  • Hips
  • Knees


Who can get the liposuction surgery?

As we have already said the procedure is not for weight loss. So, if you have extra weight then you are not suitable for this treatment.

  • The patient over the age of 18.
  • The patient should have an ideal body weight and it should be stable.
  • The patient must keep themselves fit.
  • Skin elasticity matters.
  • The patient should be healthy and ether should not be a major problem.
  • Patients with diabetes and cardiovascular should consult the doctor properly.
  • Pregnant women are not allowed to undergo the procedure.


Benefits of getting Liposuction Surgery

  • This procedure helps in treating the condition of lipodystrophy in which patient’s body is not able to produce healthy fat tissues.
  • The surgery helps in removing lipomas, which are benign tumors of fat tissues.
  • Liposuction can also help in treating the condition of gynecomastia in men. In this case, excess fat tissues are collected in the breast area.
  • With liposuction surgery, it helps in giving a more defined and toned look to the patient’s body.
  • There is no doubt, it will make you feel confident about yourself as your appearance gets better.


Risk factors of liposuction surgery

  • The procedure is very safe but there are some potential risks which might occur in some cases.
  • Due to the overexposure of heat of the laser, it might damage the nerve which is very rare.
  • On the treated area, it will cause inflammation.
  • Due to the surgical procedure, it can lead to bleeding or form a blood clot.
  • Medication used in the treatment can lead to some negative side effects.


Is it possible to combine other procedures with liposuction?

Yes, it can be combined with abdominoplasty which is popularly known as tummy tuck procedure. Dr. C. Vijay Kumar is experienced in performing the procedure as he first removes the excess fat with liposuction which is followed by the tummy tuck procedure to remove excess skin. Combining both the procedures will give fantastic results and it will even reduce the recovery time.


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What are the reasons behind Male Breast Pain and Swelling? How to treat them?

Dr. VJs Cosmetic Surgery & Hair Transplantation Centre: Millions of people are suffering from enlarged breast condition, that is additionally known as gynecomastia. Gynecomastia condition is not only experienced by adults but these days this condition is also experienced by children as well.

Several causes of gynecomastia condition such as:

  • Hormonal changes, if a person is suffering from excessive growth of testosterone, then it will surely lead them to enlarged breast condition.
  • Poor nutrition is also responsible for this because people who consume oily and spicy food more than healthy food are at greater risk of gynecomastia condition.
  • Smoking and overconsumption of alcohol also lead to this problem.

In this condition, you must visit the doctor so that you can get rid of enlarged breast condition. In addition to this, if he finds your condition so serious, then he may recommend you go through gynecomastia surgery in Vizag.

Male Breast Swelling

As we stated above, many people are suffering from enlarged breast condition, that leads to breast swelling. This condition basically happens during puberty period in males. 

Here are some reasons behind this male breast swelling condition such as:

  • Liver disease
  • Fluctuations in Hormonal
  • Diseases of the testes
  • Over-consumption of Alcohol
  • Tumors, HIV, and hyperparathyroidism
  • Certain medications
  • Smoking
  • A hereditary chromosomal trisomy.
  • Kidney disease

You can only get rid of this with the help of surgical procedure, or if your doctor notices that you do not need to go through surgery, he may suggest you change your lifestyle habits.

Male Breast Pain

Male breast is caused due to below-mentioned reasons.

Breast injury-: Many people experience breast pain due to injury or trauma. The injury happens due to accidents and while playing sports. Due to injuries, you experience the death of fatty tissue that leads you to severe pain.

Runner’s nipple-: Runners and joggers experience discomfort and friction in many body parts while jogging. Similarly, like this, they running and jogging develops the friction around nipples, that’s why they experience excessive and chronic pain in their breasts. Well, you can treat this condition, with the help of medications or surgical procedure.

Mastitis-: This is additionally known as an infection in breast, which is experienced by both men and women. This condition leads to severe pain and discomfort.

Breast Cyst-: These are fluid-filled sac that is present in the breast, that leads to chronic pain over time.

Moreover, in order to get rid of severe pain and discomfort, you need to visit the doctor, so that he can examine you and tell you the exact reason behind your condition. Only after examining you well, he will recommend you a suitable treatment option.

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Explain the reasons which contribute to Gynecomastia condition in males?

Dr. VJs Cosmetic Surgery & Hair Transplantation Centre: Gynecomastia is the enlarged breast condition in males, which is caused due to hormonal changes in their body. Well, this is not a serious condition, but yes, you need to treat your condition on time, so that you can reduce the risk of some other conditions.

You can simply treat your condition with the help of gynecomastia surgery in Vizag. This is the best solution for your problem, and this surgery works with the help of liposuction and excision method as well.

Here are several causes of gynecomastia condition in males.

There are several causes of gynecomastia condition in which hormonal changes are on the peak. Some other reasons for gynecomastia are listed below-:

  • Fluctuations in Hormones
  • Certain medications
  • Over-consumption of drugs such as smoking and marijuana
  • Health conditions
  • And poor diet

These are explained below-:

Hormonal changes

Well, this is the main reason behind the gynecomastia condition. Male have testosterone hormone in their body and also have a small number of estrogen hormones which are basically female hormones. These both the hormones are useful to control sexual traits in both the sexes. But the over-production of these hormones many problems, if males are suffering from excessive growth of estrogen which is useful for the growth of breast in females, then you will surely experience the enlarged breast condition.

This condition is common in all age groups, if your infant is suffering from this condition then you must understand why it happens. This happens because your kid is born with enlarged breast due to high levels of estrogen in his mom. And as we stated above, adults experience this condition due to the fluctuation of hormones or during the puberty.

Certain medications

These days, many people take medications because of the rising in health conditions. Not all but some medications have side effects which can lead you to serious conditions, and gynecomastia is also in the loop. These medications include-:

  • Anti-androgens, that are used to treat prostate enlargement and cancer as well.
  • Cancer treatment such as chemotherapy.
  • Anabolic steroids and androgens.
  • Antibiotics.
  • Ulcer medications, such as cimetidine.
  • AIDS medications.
  • Tricyclic antidepressants.
  • Anti-anxiety medications include diazepam.

Illegal drugs and smoking.

If you are regular smoker and take some other types of drugs then these will surely lead you to male boobs reductio. These include-:

  • Methadone
  • Alcohol
  • Heroin
  • Tobacco
  • Marijuana

Health conditions

Some health conditions are responsible for fluctuations in hormones such as:

  • Kidney failure.
  • Hypogonadism
  • Aging and obesity
  • Tumors.
  • Hyperthyroidism.
  • Liver and Kidney failure or disorders.


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Why some men in vizag are asking for breast-reduction surgery (Gynaecomastia)

We often see men who have a chest which seems much like that of a woman. It is known as gynecomastia. The condition is caused due to hormonal imbalance. It is found in men in varying degrees. About 50 -70 % of men are found to be suffering from it in various degrees.


The main reason seems to be a hormonal imbalance. We are born with both the male and female hormones. They are in balance according to the gender of the patient. The male hormones are dominant in men while the female hormones are dominant in women.

The condition may also be triggered by some medicines or marijuana consumption. While the condition may get rectified on its own in many cases, it may require treatment in other cases. Some cases might benefit from medicines but many cases need surgery. Gynecomastia surgery in Vizag is readily available for such patients.



While the presence of female-like breasts in the chest area is the most common symptom, one might also see secretion from the chest area. This might happen due to overproduction of estrogen(a female hormone) or underproduction of androgen (a male hormone)


If exercise, dieting and lifestyle changes don’t help, then the person has to opt for gynecomastia surgery. The surgery is an outpatient procedure and the patient can resume his daily routine within a day or two.

Traditional treatment

The surgeons used a primitive liposuction technique to remove the fat from the breasts. Sometimes excess skin was also removed to present a firm and flat chest. The procedure had many drawbacks as it resulted in frequent infections, bleeding and skin injury. Patients also reported numbness which lasted for a long time. The surgery left permanent scars on the chest in the nipple area.

Liposuction  Using ultrasound

This type of surgery is one of the latest methods to treat gynecomastia. It makes use of the ultrasound system to break and liquefy fat which can be expelled with an aspirator. Then the doctor uses a scalpel to make incisions just below the nipples and through the armpits. Thin metal probes are used to break the fat tissue. After the emulsification of the fat, it is sucked through a rubber tube and drained into a plastic container. It is followed by surgical removal of unwanted breast tissue. After that, the surgeon stitches up the chest. The surgery is painful but it all numbs out under the effect of anesthesia.

After the surgery

Some scarring will be there due to the incisions. The scars will fade away gradually with time. You may experience a little pain and swelling at the points where incisions were made. The patient is advised not to undertake any strenuous physical activity for some days as it might put stress on his chest.

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Why the demand for gynecomastia surgery is increasing for breast reduction?

In the past few years, there has been a significant increase in breast reduction surgery because of the gynecomastia condition. But still, there are many men who are not aware of this condition. They also think that there is no need to undergo the treatment and physical activity can solve this condition.

This means men get an opportunity to look the way they wanted to always.  So, if you are facing this issue then you should not think that you are alone in this situation.


Explain Gynecomastia?

This problem is referred to as a condition of enlarged or overdeveloped breast tissue. The issue of gynecomastia can occur at any age. In most cases, it occurs at puberty and resolves on its own. In some cases, the problem comes later in life and then it is solved with the surgery. Sometimes there is excess breast skin, excess fat, excess development of glandular tissue, or it may affect both breast or one.

It occurs because of hormonal changes, obesity, hereditary, taking medications, or drugs. Due to this issue, the men start losing their self-confidence, become stressed, and they do not talk to anyone. Moreover, they also avoid physical activities so that no one can get to know about their problem.


How Gynecomastia surgery is helpful?

The surgery is helpful because it restores the male breast as well as correct the deformities of nipple, breast, or areola. The treatment options include liposuction, excision, or it can be a combination of both the options.

During the surgery, the patient is given local anaesthesia so that discomfort is reduced. The incisions are made around the nipple so that excess skin and fat can be removed. The length of the incision will be based on how much the problem or how much area needs the treatment.

If the case is severe, then it is compulsory that the nipple and part of the organ are removed. If the case is minimal, then a very small incision is made of around 5mm at the edge of areolar. This process is followed by liposuction Surgery so that excess skin can be pulled out.

Also, make sure you select the best surgeon for the treatment who is well-known in this filed and have done his proper training. This will also increase the success rate of the treatment and there will be no risk also. The Gynecomastia Surgery Cost in India is less as compared to other places.

What are its benefits?

Once you decide you get the surgery, the results are permanent and you will enjoy these benefits:

  • It will restore your confidence in your body.
  • Effective in removing gynecomastia when other options like exercise and weight loss are not effective.
  • Effectively removes enlarged male breast tissue.
  • Helpful in removing excess skin if necessary.